Winterizing Lawns and Gardens
Landscape Supply of Utah and expert lawn care professionals offer a variety of helpful tips for winterizing gardens and lawns.
- Feeding Lawns – The fall is the most critical time to fertilize lawns. The first fertilizer application should occur around mid- to late-September and the second in November, before the ground freezes.
- Repair – Repairing summer’s damage is optimal in the fall months. This includes reseeding any areas of the lawn that may have sustained damage during the spring and summer months.
- Pruning – Pruning in the fall is counterproductive, as the winter months actually promote growth. It is, however, a great time to remove dead wood from trees, as this prevents insects from causing damage to surrounding areas.
- Vegetable Gardens – Consider planting winter crops, such as lettuce and spinach. Good winter crops include Swiss chard, broccoli and carrots.
- Cover the Plot – To prepare gardens for winter, consider using nitrogen-rich Utah topsoil that can easily be turned over in the spring.
- Transplant – Autumn is the best time to transplant shrubs and trees. Evergreens should be planted in September and October, with deciduous trees having a larger planting window.
- Mulch – Using Utah mulch around trees and in garden beds helps prevent voles, mice and chipmunks from making their homes in yards. Adding mulch Salt Lake City helps to protect plants against hard freezes, ensuring the roots are adequately covered.
- Flower Beds – Cleaning out perennials once they have bloomed helps promote seasonal growth.
- Ponds – For water features Utah, consider cleaning ponds in the fall. Cleaning out leaves is important, as once they decay, the spike in ammonia levels can be fatal to fish. Consider adding a cover over the pond in the late fall through cold winter months, or even draining the pond by 25- to 50-percent.
- Diets – Fish naturally become less active in cold weather and their metabolisms slow down. Fall months offer an ideal time to put fish on a diet. When the water temperature is around 60 degrees, fish need a lower-protein diet that allows for easy digestion. When the temperatures further decrease to 50 to 55 degrees, fish don’t require any regular feedings.
- Pond Equipment – Use this time to check pond equipment. It’s best to avoid running water in the wintertime, as this disrupts hibernating fish. Stop running pumps and bring both the filter and pump indoors for the winter months. For freezing weather, consider using a floating unit that acts as a deicer, which essential adds air bubbles to help prevent ponds from freezing.
- Spring – Think forward to spring months and begin planting spring-blooming bulbs in the fall months. This includes tulips, daffodils, crocuses, alliums and irises.
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